Volume 1, 2017
International Physicists' Tournament 2016
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||22 September 2017|
Cooling jug physics
School of Physics and Technology, V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University,
Svobody Sq. 4,
2 Department of Aerospace Engineering Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, 429 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 7 August 2017
We discuss the physics of the pot-in-pot cooler. By balancing temperature decrease due to evaporation and temperature increase due to heat exchange, we find the equilibrium temperature of the pot. In this simplified model, the cooling jug acts as a psychrometer, and the theoretical prediction of our model is in a good agreement with psychrometric tables. Next, we study dynamics of the jug cooling. The cooling rate is limited by water vapour diffusion through air, heat conduction through air, and heat conduction through the body of the jug. The derived rate of temperature decrease is in general agreement with the result of our experiment. In the end, we discuss some additional factors, such as capillary effects in the raw clay, water viscosity in the capillaries, and impact of complex shape of the jug.
Key words: phase transitions / physical kinetics
© O. Luniachek et al., Published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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