Volume 5, 2021
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||20 May 2021|
The Gauss pendulum
Center for Engineering, Modeling and Applied Social Sciences of the Federal University of ABC. Av. dos Estados,
5001 - Bangú, Santo André – SP,
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 8 March 2021
Recently, the Gauss rifle has gained attention as an interesting problem for physics and engineering education. In this manuscript we propose and analyze a novel problem that, while being related to the Gauss rifle, is rather simpler: the Gauss pendulum, which yields more consistent results and allows further agreement between model, simulation and experimental data. The Gauss pendulum, unlike the rifle, does not involve rotational movement of balls and the difference between the initial and final energy state of the system can be easily accessed by measuring the final height of the swinging projected ball. An extensive assessment of a Gauss pendulum has been developed using free software and accessible laboratory equipment. Focusing on the validation of the magnetic potential well model to understand the gain in kinetic energy, it was possible to obtain a remarkable agreement between the experimental and theoretically simulated data.
Key words: Gauss rifle / Newton’s cradle / physics experiment / magnetic materials / magnetism / pendulum.
© J. C. Teixeira et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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