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Table 2

Technological parameters of the model. “/pnl” means “per panel”.

Parameter Value Unit Description
7.8 × 105 Wh/pnl/year PV energy conversion
2.17 × 106 Wh/pnl factory’s energy consumption
1.38 × 106 Wh/kg extracting energy consumption
1.18 × 106 Wh/pnl recycling energy consumption
xc(1) 0.8 kg/pnl factory’s material consumption
0.76 kg/pnl recycling material production
Cco2 6.5 × 10−4 kg/Wh conversion coefficient of CO2 emission
tL 25 year panel life time

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