Volume 1, 2017
International Physicists' Tournament 2016
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||31 August 2017|
A quantum random number generator implementation with polarized photons
Departamento de Física, Universidad de los Andes,
Apartado Aéreo 4976,
Distrito Capital, Colombia
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 10 July 2017
In this letter, we present an implementation of a random number generator based on photon polarization superposition. We prepare photons in a superposition state of vertical and horizontal polarizations, let them pass through a polarizing beamsplitter and set two detectors at each path to get a 50–50 chance of finding the photon at each detector. We present the results of the NIST test suite for random number generators for our binary sequence of approximately 1.4 × 107 bits and analyze the different p-values obtained to statistically assess its randomness. In doing so, we use von Neumann’s algorithm for bias removal and briefly explain how the statistical tests work.
Key words: photon statistics / coherence theory
© S. Aguirre et al., Published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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